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Pine Cliff Energy Ltd. Announces Fourth Quarter and Annual Results

Apr 15, 2011 - 05:30 PM ET

CALGARY, ALBERTA--(Marketwire - April 15, 2011) - Pine Cliff Energy Ltd. ("Pine Cliff" or "the Company") (www.pinecliffenergy.com) (TSX VENTURE:PNE) is pleased to announce its financial and operational results for the three months and fiscal year ended December 31, 2010.



Annual Financial and Operational Highlights

As at and for the years ended
December 31, 2010 2009 2008
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TOTAL OPERATIONS ($)
Cash Flow (Deficiency) from
Operations 218,739 (613,398) (816,849)
Per Share Basic and Diluted 0.00 (0.01) (0.02)
Net Earnings (Loss) 57,797 (2,822,276) (7,541,868)
Per Share Basic and Diluted 0.00 (0.06) (0.17)
Capital Expenditures 1,323,639 996,569 5,377,190
Total Assets 2,926,513 3,475,877 5,570,015
Working Capital 309,805 491,064 2,316,982
Shareholders' Equity 2,554,148 2,363,915 5,044,701
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CONTINUING OPERATIONS ($)
Cash Flow from Operations 612,844 94,343 44,099
Per Share Basic and Diluted 0.01 0.00 0.00
Net Loss from operations (372,776) (452,136) (630,119)
Per Share Basic and Diluted (0.01) (0.01) (0.01)
Capital Expenditures 1,220,300 871,128 607,941
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TOTAL AND CONTINUING OPERATIONS
Revenue - Oil and Gas ($) 1,362,570 518,401 707,012
Natural gas
liquids (NGLs) - Barrels Per Day 2 1 1
- Average Price ($
per barrel) 77.68 60.98 90.68
Natural Gas - MCF Per Day 876 315 228
- Average Price ($
per MCF) 4.08 4.22 8.05
Total Barrels of Oil Equivalent (BOE)
Per Day (1) 148 54 39
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(1) Barrels of oil equivalent (BOE) are calculated using a conversion ratio
of 6 MCF to 1 barrel of oil. The conversion is based on an energy
equivalency conversion method primarily applicable at the burner tip and
does not represent a value equivalency at the wellhead and as such may be
misleading if used in isolation.


Quarterly Financial and Operational Highlights

2010
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
4th 3rd 2nd 1st
TOTAL OPERATIONS ($)
Cash Flow (Deficiency) from
Operations 38,846 (547) 229,181 (48,741)
Per Share Basic and Diluted 0.00 (0.00) 0.00 (0.00)
Net Earnings (Loss) (189,701) 613,863 (177,714) (188,651)
Per Share Basic and Diluted (0.01) 0.01 (0.00) (0.00)
Capital Expenditures 81,622 63,106 165,734 1,013,177
Total Assets 2,926,513 3,095,108 2,909,413 3,768,237
Working Capital (Deficiency) 309,805 394,482 (387,016) (426,596)
Shareholders' Equity 2,554,148 2,743,427 2,129,564 2,305,659
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CONTINUING OPERATIONS ($)
Cash Flow from Operations 38,846 243,335 311,063 19,600
Per Share Basic and Diluted 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00
Net Loss from Operations (189,701) (121,701) (39,244) (22,130)
Per Share Basic and Diluted (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.00)
Capital Expenditures 81,622 40,549 108,879 989,250
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TOTAL AND CONTINUING
OPERATIONS
Revenue - Oil and Gas ($) 279,741 323,641 548,391 210,797
NGLs (Barrels Per Day) 1 1 4 3
Natural Gas (MCF Per Day) 768 908 1,387 435
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2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
4th 3rd 2nd 1st
TOTAL OPERATIONS ($)
Cash Flow from Operations (125,061) (37,247) (241,924) (209,166)
Per Share Basic and Diluted (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00)
Net Loss (1,734,926) (263,808) (325,010) (498,532)
Per Share Basic and Diluted (0.03) (0.01) (0.01) (0.01)
Capital Expenditures 266,470 600,732 9,581 119,786
Total Assets 3,475,877 4,900,934 4,558,217 4,966,907
Working Capital 491,064 991,619 1,738,974 1,903,038
Shareholders' Equity 2,363,915 4,089,767 4,341,385 4,644,004
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CONTINUING OPERATIONS ($)
Cash Flow from Operations (15,505) 91,448 (23,450) 41,850
Per Share Basic and Diluted (0.00) 0.00 (0.00) 0.00
Net Loss from Operations (107,735) (94,553) (64,813) (185,035)
Per Share Basic and Diluted (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.00)
Capital Expenditures 296,571 573,041 69 1,447
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TOTAL AND CONTINUING
OPERATIONS
Revenue - Oil and Gas ($) 119,726 93,177 111,773 193,725
NGLs (barrels per day) 1 1 2 1
Natural Gas (MCF per day) 264 295 312 392
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FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

Certain statements contained in this press release include statements which contain words such as "anticipate", "could", "should", "expect", "seek", "may", "intend", "likely", "will", "believe" and similar expressions, statements relating to matters that are not historical facts, and such statements of our beliefs, intentions and expectations about development, results and events which will or may occur in the future, constitute "forward-looking information" within the meaning of applicable Canadian securities legislation and are based on certain assumptions and analysis made by us derived from our experience and perceptions. Forward-looking information in this press release includes, but is not limited to: expected cash provided by continuing operations; future capital expenditures, including the amount and nature thereof; oil and natural gas prices and demand; expansion and other development trends of the oil and natural gas industry; business strategy and outlook; expansion and growth of our business and operations; and maintenance of existing customer, supplier and partner relationships; supply channels; accounting policies; credit risks; and other such matters.

All such forward-looking information is based on certain assumptions and analyses made by us in light of our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors we believe are appropriate in the circumstances. The risks, uncertainties, and assumptions are difficult to predict and may affect operations, and may include, without limitation: the risks of foreign operations; foreign exchange fluctuations; equipment and labour shortages and inflationary costs; general economic conditions; industry conditions; changes in applicable environmental, taxation and other laws and regulations as well as how such laws and regulations are interpreted and enforced; the ability of oil and natural gas companies to raise capital; the effect of weather conditions on operations and facilities; the existence of operating risks; volatility of oil and natural gas prices; oil and gas product supply and demand; risks inherent in the ability to generate sufficient cash flow from operations to meet current and future obligations; increased competition; stock market volatility; opportunities available to or pursued by us; and other factors, many of which are beyond our control. The foregoing factors are not exhaustive.

Actual results, performance or achievements could differ materially from those expressed in, or implied by, this forward-looking information and, accordingly, no assurance can be given that any of the events anticipated by the forward-looking information will transpire or occur, or if any of them do, what benefits will be derived therefrom. Except as required by law, Pine Cliff disclaims any intention or obligation to update or revise any forward-looking information, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

The forward-looking information contained herein is expressly qualified by this cautionary statement

DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

During 2010, Pine Cliff committed to a plan to dispose of its South American operations to allow the Company to focus its continuing operations on the development of its Canadian oil and natural gas properties. The South American Operations were sold effective September 24, 2010. Accordingly, the South American Operations have been reclassified as discontinued operations in the Consolidated Financial Statements. This is further discussed in the section entitled "Operating results from discontinued operations."

Continuing Operations



Production

Three months ended Twelve months ended
Dec. 31, Sept. 30, Dec. 31, Dec. 31, Dec. 31,
2010 2010 2009 2010 2009
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Crude oil and NGLs
(barrels per day) 1 1 1 2 1
Natural gas (MCF per day) 768 908 264 876 315
Total BOE per day (1) 129 153 45 148 54
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
(1) Barrels of oil equivalent (BOE) are calculated using a conversion ratio
of 6 MCF to 1 barrel of oil. The conversion is based on an energy
equivalency conversion method primarily applicable at the burner tip and
does not represent a value equivalency at the wellhead and as such may be
misleading if used in isolation.

During the first quarter of 2010, the Company completed and placed on production two gross (0.3 net, 15 percent working interest in each well) natural gas wells that were drilled in 2009 on its Sundance property. The wells production averaged approximately 400 MCF per day net to the Company from late February to December.

During the first quarter of 2010, the Company participated in drilling two gross additional (0.3 net) natural gas wells on its Sundance property. These wells came on production in April 2010. Production from these wells averaged 409 MCF per day net to the Company. Production was lower in the fourth quarter of 2010 compared to the third quarter of 2010 due to natural production declines related to these four wells.

 



Revenue

Three months ended Twelve months ended
Dec. 31, Sept. 30, Dec. 31, Dec. 31, Dec. 31,
($) 2010 2010 2009 2010 2009
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Revenue:
NGLs and gas sales 279,741 323,641 119,726 1,362,570 518,401
Average Realized Prices:
Crude oil and NGLs (per
barrel) 74.91 66.90 69.71 77.68 60.98
Natural gas (per MCF) 3.86 3.79 4.55 4.08 4.22
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Revenue from NGLs and natural gas sales increased by 163 percent in 2010 compared to 2009. The increase was due to increased production volumes from four (0.6 net) new wells that commenced production in 2010. The decrease in Q4 2010 revenue compared to Q3 2010 was primarily due to natural production declines from the new wells. The Company did not enter into any risk management contracts in either 2010 or 2009 and presently does not anticipate entering into any risk management contracts in 2011.

 



Royalties

Three months ended Twelve months ended
Dec. 31, Sept. 30, Dec. 31, Dec. 31, Dec. 31,
($) 2010 2010 2009 2010 2009
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Crown royalties 6,258 9,406 9,257 62,437 340
Gross overriding
royalties 6,843 5,698 2,902 29,339 12,351
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Total royalty expense 13,101 15,104 12,159 91,776 12,691
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Percentage of revenue 4.7% 4.7% 10.2% 6.7% 2.4%
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Per BOE 1.10 1.08 2.91 1.70 0.64
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Royalties paid by the Company in 2010 were higher than 2009 due to higher production volumes and a crown royalty holiday adjustment on a well drilled in 2008. The crown royalty holiday adjustment was not received until the second and third quarters of 2009. The decrease in crown royalties in Q4 2010 compared to Q3 2010 was due to lower production volumes. The increase in gross overriding royalties for Q4 2010 over Q3 2010 was due to prior period adjustments.

 

Alberta Government Competitiveness Review

On March 11, 2010, the Government of Alberta announced that it will modify conventional oil and natural gas royalties effective January 2011 to increase Alberta's competitiveness in the upstream energy sector. The current five per cent front-end royalty rate on conventional oil and natural gas will become a permanent feature of the royalty system. The maximum royalty rate for conventional oil will be reduced to 40 percent from 50 percent. The maximum royalty rate for conventional and unconventional natural gas will be reduced at higher prices from 50 to 36 percent. Other royalty incentive programs will remain in effect. Management believes these changes to the royalty system should have a positive effect on future cash flow.



Production Costs

Three months ended Twelve months ended
Dec. 31, Sept. 30, Dec. 31, Dec. 31, Dec. 31,
($) 2010 2010 2009 2010 2009
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Production costs 78,197 84,827 31,354 355,140 150,691
Per BOE 6.59 6.05 7.51 6.57 7.65
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Total production costs were higher in 2010 versus 2009 due to higher production volumes. The decrease in production costs in the fourth quarter of 2010 compared to the third quarter of 2010 was due to decreased production volumes.



General and Administrative (G&A)

Three months ended Twelve months ended
Dec. 31, Sept. 30, Dec. 31, Dec. 31, Dec. 31,
($) 2010 2010 2009 2010 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
G&A expense 70,725 100,497 99,386 278,077 319,096
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General and administrative expenses from continuing operations decreased by $41,019 in 2010 compared to 2009. The decrease in G&A expenses is primarily due to decreased management fees and decreased continuous disclosure costs. The decrease in G&A expenses in Q4 2010 compared to Q3 2010 is due to decreased legal fees for general matters and decreased continuous disclosure costs.

Pine Cliff does not have any employees at the present time but has engaged Bonterra Energy Corp. (Bonterra), a related party (see Related Party section), to provide management, administrative and technical services. Pine Cliff also engages the services of consultants on a contract or temporary basis if required.



Stock-Based Compensation

Three months ended Twelve months ended
Dec. 31, Sept. 30, Dec. 31, Dec. 31, Dec. 31,
($) 2010 2010 2009 2010 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Stock-based compensation 422 - 6,074 4,936 138,490
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The Company has a stock-based compensation plan. The Company records a compensation expense over the vesting period based on the fair value of options granted to employees of the management company (see section "Related Party Transactions"), directors and service providers in respect of the Company. No new options were issued in 2010. Stock-based compensation expense for 2010 relates to options issued in prior periods that have vested in 2010.



Depletion, Depreciation, and Accretion

Three months ended Twelve months ended
Dec. 31, Sept. 30, Dec. 31, Dec. 31, Dec. 31,
($) 2010 2010 2009 2010 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Depletion, Depreciation,
and Accretion 186,224 238,458 78,488 878,188 353,862
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The Company follows the successful efforts method of accounting for petroleum and natural gas properties and related equipment. Costs of acquiring unproved properties are capitalized. When petroleum and natural gas properties are found to contain proved reserves as determined by Company engineers, the related net book value is depleted on the unit-of-production basis, calculated by field. The costs of dry holes and abandoned properties are charged directly to net earnings. Geological costs, lease rentals and carrying costs are charged to income as incurred. Costs of drilling exploratory and development wells that result in additions to proved reserves are capitalized and depleted on the unit-of-production basis. Tangible equipment is depreciated on a straight-line basis over ten years.

During 2010, the Company expensed $524,326 more than 2009 on its property and equipment. The increase is related to depletion on the natural gas properties as production volumes almost tripled in 2010 compared to 2009. The fourth quarter of 2010 had a decrease in depletion, depreciation and accretion amount due to lower production volumes compared to the third quarter of 2010.

Provisions are made for asset retirement obligations through the recognition of the fair value of obligations associated with the retirement of tangible long-life assets being recorded in the period the asset is put into use, with a corresponding increase to the carrying amount of the related asset. The obligations recognized are statutory, contractual or legal obligations. The liability is adjusted over time for changes in the value of the liability through accretion charges which are included in depletion, depreciation and accretion expense. The costs capitalized to the related assets are amortized to earnings in a manner consistent with the depletion and depreciation of the underlying asset.

At December 31, 2010, the estimated total undiscounted amount required to settle the asset retirement obligations was $95,032 (2009 - $98,932). These obligations will be settled based on the useful lives of the underlying assets, which extend up to 13 years into the future. This amount has been discounted using a credit-adjusted risk-free interest rate of five percent. The discount rate is reviewed annually and adjusted if considered necessary.

The calculation of the above requires an estimation of the amount of the Company's petroleum proved reserves by field. This figure is calculated annually by an independent engineering firm and used to calculate depletion. This calculation is to a large extent subjective. Reserve adjustments are affected by economic assumptions as well as estimates of petroleum products in place and methods of recovering those reserves. To the extent reserves are increased or decreased, depletion costs will vary.

Income Taxes

The Company follows the liability method of accounting for income taxes under which the income tax provision is based on the temporary differences in the accounts calculated using income tax rates expected to apply in the year in which the temporary differences will reverse. The Company has sufficient tax pools such that it is not liable for current income tax.



Net Loss

Three months ended Twelve months ended
Dec. 31, Sept. 30, Dec. 31, Dec. 31, Dec. 31,
($) 2010 2010 2009 2010 2009
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Net Loss (189,701) (121,701) (107,734) (372,776) (452,136)
Net Loss per share (0.00) (0.00) (0.00) (0.01) (0.01)
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The decrease in net loss for the 2010 year compared to the 2009 year was predominantly due to increased oil and natural gas revenue and decreased stock based compensation expense, partially offset by an increase in depletion, depreciation and accretion and production costs due to increased production volumes and an impairment provision on the note receivable. The increase in the Q4 2010 net loss compared to Q3 2010 net loss was predominantly due to a decrease in oil and gas revenue from reduced production volumes and an impairment provision on the note receivable, offset partially by a decrease in production costs and G&A costs and depletion, depreciation and accretion.



Cash Flow (Deficiency) from Operations

Three months ended Twelve months ended
Dec. 31, Sept. 30, Dec. 31, Dec. 31, Dec. 31,
($) 2010 2010 2009 2010 2009
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Cash flow (deficiency)
from operations 38,846 243,335 (15,505) 612,844 94,343
Cash flow (deficiency)
from operations per share 0.00 0.01 (0.00) 0.01 0.00
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Cash flow increased for the twelve months ended 2010 compared to 2009 as the Company had significantly increased oil and gas revenue which was partially offset by higher crown royalties and production costs. The decrease in cash flow in Q4 2010 compared to Q3 2010 was primarily due to a decrease in oil and gas revenue and decreases in adjustments for non-cash working capital items, which was partially offset by decreased production costs and crown royalties.

Related Party Transactions

Pine Cliff has a management agreement with Bonterra (a company with common directors and management with Pine Cliff), to have Bonterra provide executive services (President and CEO, CFO and COO), technical services, accounting services, oil and gas administration and office administration. The management fee consists of a monthly fee of $7,500 (2009 - $10,000). Total fees for 2010 were $90,000 (2009 - $120,000). As at December 31, 2010, amounts owing to Bonterra were $464 (December 31, 2009 - $448). The agreement with Bonterra can be cancelled by either party by providing 90 days notice.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

As of December 31, 2010, Pine Cliff had positive working capital of $309,805 (December 31, 2009 - $491,064). The Company currently has no budgeted capital commitments for 2011. With current low natural gas prices, management believes there may be opportunities for either corporate or property acquisitions. The Company is examining such opportunities as well as future development of its existing land base.

During 2010 the Company sold its South American Operations which will significantly reduce operating and capital costs in the future. This disposition will allow the Company to focus its resources on its Canadian properties and new opportunities. The proceeds from the disposition of the South American operations was $450,000 consisting of $1,000 of cash, a note receivable for $449,000, a contingent receivable not used to calculate gain on disposal of oil and gas assets and a working capital deficiency of $342,969 that was transferred to the purchaser. Subsequent to year end, the purchaser settled the note by issuing shares in the purchaser's corporation. These shares were valued at $328,227 at year end. The Company has recorded an impairment provision of $120,773 on the note receivable.

With the disposition of its South American Operations, the Company has positive cash flow from operations as well as a positive working capital position. The fact that Pine Cliff has no debt combined with the above should allow it to finance opportunities that it identifies either through bank borrowings or an equity placement.

The Company is authorized to issue an unlimited number of common shares without nominal or par value. Equity transactions during the past years are as follows:




2010 2009
Amount Amount
Number ($) Number ($)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Common Shares
Balance, beginning of
year 45,295,695 14,593,560 45,275,695 14,588,722
Issued on exercise of
stock options 850,000 127,500 20,000 3,000
Transfer of contributed
surplus to share
capital 98,312 1,838
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Balance, end of year 46,145,695 14,819,372 45,295,695 14,593,560
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The Company had incorporated a subsidiary company, CanAmericas Energy Ltd. (CanAmericas) to explore and develop oil and gas properties primarily in South America. CanAmericas was owned 93 percent by the Company and seven percent by a foreign private corporation (Foreign Corp.). On November 23, 2010, Foreign Corp. sold its interest in CanAmericas to Pine Cliff for proceeds of $10. On January 1, 2011 CanAmericas was amalgamated with Pine Cliff.

Operating Results From Discontinued Operations

The following represents results of the South American operations which have been designated as discontinued operations.



Balance Sheets

As at As at
($) December 31, 2010 December 31, 2009
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Assets
Current
Cash - 39,090
Accounts receivable - 4
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Total assets - 39,094
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Liabilities
Current
Accounts payable and accrued
liabilities - 192,818

Asset Retirement Obligations - 35,836
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total liabilities - 228,654
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Statements of Net Earnings (Loss)

For the Years Ended December 31,
($) 2010 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Revenue
Gain on disposal 807,028 -
Interest and other income - 1,804
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
807,028 1,804
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Expenses
General and administrative 251,400 668,579
Foreign exchange (gain) loss (4,410) 86,131
Depletion, depreciation and accretion 1,344 2,792
Impairment of oil and gas assets 80,782 1,463,712
Dry hole costs - 31,071
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
329,116 2,252,285
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Net Earnings (Loss) From Discontinued
Operations Before Taxes 477,912 (2,250,481)
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Taxes
Current 47,339 119,659
Future - -
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
47,339 119,659
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Net Earnings (Loss) From Discontinued
Operations 430,573 (2,370,140)
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Gain on disposal

On September 24, 2010 the Company disposed of its South American subsidiary, whose assets and liabilities related primarily to the Canadon Ramirez Concession and Laguna de Piedra Concession (South American Properties). The proceeds of disposition were $450,000 consisting of $1,000 of cash, a note receivable for $449,000 and a contingent receivable not used to calculate gain on disposal of oil and gas assets and liabilities. Subsequent to year end, the purchaser settled the note by issuing shares in the purchaser's corporation. These shares were valued at $328,227 at year end. The Company has recorded an impairment provision of $120,773 on the note receivable. At the time of disposition, the Company had a net book value of $23,121 for the South American properties after prior period write-downs of $7,746,705. It also had an asset retirement obligation of $37,180 and a working capital deficiency of $342,969 that was transferred to the purchaser related to the South American property resulting in a gain on sale of $807,028.

Contingent Receivable

Upon disposal of the South American subsidiary, the Company received a contingent consideration of $200,000 (payable in cash or shares in the purchaser corporation) if by September 24, 2012 the purchaser or an affiliate to the purchaser is successful in obtaining a drilling permit followed by the drilling of a well on the Laguna de Piedra concession block in the Rio Negro Province of Argentina or the local permitting authority in the province grants a concession to substitute for the Laguna de Piedra concession and the purchaser or affiliate entity drills a well on the substitute concession. Collection of this receivable is not determinable at this time and therefore has not been recorded by the Company.

General and Administrative

General and administrative (G&A) expenses decreased significantly in 2010 compared to 2009 due to a reduction in the Company's South American activities. With the unsuccessful completion of the three-well drill program on the Canadon Ramirez Concession, the Company's Board of Directors and management reviewed the Company's involvement in Argentina and reduced its consulting services and other international expenses since Q2 2009.

Foreign Exchange Loss (Gain)

The Company had maintained foreign denominated bank accounts to facilitate its foreign operations and kept minimum balances in these accounts. The gain on foreign exchange during the 2010 year relates to the depreciation of the Canadian dollar compared to the Argentine peso.

Depletion, Depreciation, and Accretion and Dry Hole Exploration Costs

For the 2010 year, an impairment provision of $34,626 (2009 - $31,071 as dry hole costs) was taken on the exploration costs related to the Canadon Ramirez Concession. An impairment provision of $46,156 (2009 - $1,463,712) was also taken on the Laguna de Piedra Concession, prior to the disposal of the South American properties.

Taxes

The Company had accrued a $47,339 (2009 - $119,659) current tax expense related to Argentina capital tax. A one percent Argentina capital tax is payable in respect to the exploration costs for the Canadon Ramirez and the Laguna de Piedra Concessions. This liability was transferred to the purchaser on the disposal of its South American subsidiary.

Net Earnings (Loss)

The net earnings from discontinued operations for the twelve months ended 2010 compared to the net loss for 2009 was predominantly due to the disposal of the South American properties on September 24, 2010.

Financial Reporting Update

International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)

In October 2009, the Accounting Standards Board issued a third and final IFRS Omnibus Exposure Draft confirming that publicly accountable enterprises will be required to apply IFRS, in full and without modification, for all financial periods beginning January 1, 2011. The adoption date of January 1, 2011 will require the restatement, for comparative purposes, of amounts reported by Pine Cliff for the year ended December 31, 2010, including the opening balance sheet as at January 1, 2010.

The Company commenced the process to transition its financial statements from current Canadian GAAP to IFRS in 2008. The Company's project consists of three key phases: the scoping and diagnostic phase, the impact analysis and evaluation phase and the implementation phase.




-- Scoping and diagnostic phase - this phase involves performing a high
level impact analysis to identify areas that may be affected by the
transition to IFRS. The results of this analysis were given a priority
ranking according to their complexity and the amount of time required to
assess the impact of changes in transitioning to IFRS. The Company
identified the following high impact and medium impact areas:


High impact areas include:

-- IFRS 1 - First time adoption of IFRS
-- IAS 16 - Property and equipment
-- IAS 36 - Impairment of assets


Medium impact areas include:

-- IFRS 6 - Exploration and evaluation of mineral resources
-- IFRS 2 - Share-based payments
-- IAS 1 - Presentation of financial statements
-- IAS 10 - Events after the balance sheet date
-- IAS 12 - Income Taxes
-- IAS 18 - Revenues
-- IAS 21 - The effects of changes in foreign exchange rates
-- IAS 23 - Borrowing costs
-- IAS 37 - Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets

-- Impact analysis and evaluation phase - during this phase, items
identified in the diagnostic were addressed according to the priority
ranking assigned to them. The Company conducted analysis of policy
choices allowed under IFRS and their impact to the financial statements.
Additionally, certain potential differences were further investigated to
assess if there was any broader impact to the Company's net earnings,
compensation arrangements or management reporting systems. The impact
analysis and evaluation phase was concluded by management pending the
Audit Committee of the Board of Directors approval on all accounting
policies chosen by management. Since Pine Cliff uses successful efforts
method of accounting on its petroleum and natural gas properties under
Canadian GAAP, the audit committee of the Board of Directors gave
management the directive to choose policies that will retain as much
comparability to the accounting policies chosen under Canadian GAAP.
-- Implementation phase - involved implementation of all changes approved
in the impact analysis and evaluation phase, which included minor
changes to existing information systems, the creation of new business
processes and the modification of training staff impacted by the
conversion.

Since its inception, the project has been led by the financial reporting group with sponsorship from the executive team. The Company has effectively completed all phases of its IFRS transition project and continues to review its draft IFRS financial statements and disclosures for completeness and quality assurance. The Audit Committee will review and approve the Company's IFRS accounting policy selections and adjustments prior to the release of the first quarter of 2011 financial statements and MD&A.

First Time Adoption of IFRS

Most adjustments required on transition to IFRS will be made retrospectively against opening retained earnings as of the date of the first comparative balance sheet presented, based on standards applicable at that time. IFRS 1 provides entities adopting IFRS for the first time with certain optional exemptions and mandatory exceptions to the general requirement for full retrospective application of IFRS. Management has analyzed the various accounting policy choices available under IFRS 1 and has implemented those determined to be the most appropriate for Pine Cliff. Accordingly, it has applied the following IFRS 1 exemptions in its IFRS opening balance sheet:



-- Business combinations (IFRS 1) - provides the option to apply IFRS 3,
business combinations, retrospectively or prospectively from the
Transition Date. The retrospective basis would require restatement of
all business combinations that occurred prior to the Transition Date.
The Company elected not to retrospectively apply IFRS 3 to business
combinations that occurred prior to its Transition Date and such
business combinations have not been restated. Any goodwill arising on
such business combinations before the Transition Date has not been
adjusted from the carrying value previously determined under Canadian
GAAP as a result of applying these exemptions.

-- Share-based payments (IFRS 2) - encourages the application of its
provisions to equity instruments granted on or before November 7, 2002,
but permits the application only to equity instruments granted after
November 7, 2002 that had not vested by the Transition Date. The Company
elected to avail itself of the exemption provided under IFRS 1 and
applied IFRS 2 for all equity instruments granted after November 7, 2002
that had not vested by its Transition Date. Further, the Company applied
IFRS 2 for all liabilities arising from share-based payment transactions
that existed at its Transition Date. This election has no material
effect on the Company.

-- Borrowing Costs (IAS 23) - requires an entity to capitalize the
borrowing costs related to all qualifying assets for which the
commencement date for capitalization is on or after January 1, 2010.
Since the Company has no debt, this election has no effect on the
Company.

-- Leases (IAS 17) - requires an entity to assess arrangements outstanding
at the Transition Date. It also requires a determination of the
appropriate lease classification in accordance with IAS 17, should an
arrangement containing a lease be identified as part of the
International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC) 4,
Determining Whether an Arrangement Contains a Lease, application. This
election has no effect on the Company.

-- Decommissioning Liabilities Included in the Cost of Property, Plant and
Equipment (IAS 37) - Provisions, Contingent Assets and Contingent
Liabilities, requires an entity to estimate the statutory and
constructive liabilities that existed at the Transition Date, discounted
at the risk free rate. The Company has revalued its asset retirement
obligation under GAAP to IFRS. The Company also determined it had no
unrecorded statutory or constructive obligations.

Summary of Accounting Changes

The following is a listing of key areas where accounting policies differ and where accounting policy decisions are necessary that will significantly impact our reported financial position and results of operations:



-- Asset retirement obligation (ARO) - Under IFRS, the Company is required
to revalue its entire liability for asset retirement costs at each
balance sheet date using a current liability-specific discount rate,
which can generally be interpreted to mean the current risk-free rate of
interest. Under Canadian GAAP, obligations are discounted using a
credit-adjusted risk-free rate and, once recorded, the asset retirement
obligation is not adjusted for future changes in discount rates. At
January 1, 2010 Pine Cliff's total asset retirement obligations will
increase from $84,134 (including the ARO in discontinued operations) to
$89,947, an increase of $5,813, as the liability is revalued to reflect
the estimated risk free rate of interest at that time of 4.1%. The
offsetting ARO asset's cost will be adjusted by $4,262 due to the
changes in the ARO liability. The ARO asset would also incur $4,918 more
accumulated depletion. The net offset of these changes is recorded as an
increase to deficit.

The table below summarizes the Company's January 1, 2010 balance sheet under Canadian GAAP and the transitional entries required to present the opening balance sheet under IFRS. Pine Cliff has not yet prepared a full set of annual financial statements under IFRS, therefore, amounts disclosed are unaudited.




IFRS
($) Canadian GAAP Adjustments IFRS
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Current assets 1,518,892 - 1,518,892
Long-term assets 1,956,985 (656) 1,956,329
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total assets 3,475,877 (656) 3,475,221
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Current liabilities 1,027,828 - 1,027,828
Long-term liabilities 84,134 5,813 89,947
Equity 2,363,915 (6,469) 2,357,446
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total liabilities and equity 3,475,877 (656) 3,475,221
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

In addition to accounting policy differences, the Company's transition to IFRS is expected to impact its internal controls over financial reporting, disclosure controls and procedures, certain of Pine Cliff's business activities and IT systems as follows:



-- Internal controls over financial reporting (ICFR) - Pine Cliff is
currently in the process of reviewing its ICFR documentation and is
identifying instances where controls must be amended or added in order
to address the accounting policy changes required under IFRS. No
material changes in control procedures are expected as a result of
transition to IFRS.
-- Disclosure controls and procedures - Pine Cliff has assessed the impact
of transition to IFRS on its disclosure controls and procedures and has
not identified any material changes required in its control environment.
It is expected that there will be increased note disclosure around
certain financial statement items than what is currently required under
Canadian GAAP. Management is currently drafting its IFRS note disclosure
in accordance with current IFRS standards and continues to monitor
requirements put forth by the International Accounting Standards Board
(IASB) in discussion papers and exposure drafts for future disclosure
requirements. Throughout the transition process, Pine Cliff has
carefully considered its stakeholders' information requirements and will
continue to ensure that adequate and timely information is provided to
meet these needs.
-- Business activities - Management has been cognizant of the upcoming
transition to IFRS, and as such, has worked with its counterparties to
ensure that any agreements that contain references to Canadian GAAP
financial statements are modified to allow for IFRS statements. Based on
the changes to the Company's accounting policies, no issues are expected
to arise with the existing wording of agreements as a result of the
conversion to IFRS.
-- IT systems - Pine Cliff has completed the accounting system updates
required in order to prepare for IFRS reporting. Since the Company has
been using successful efforts method to account for its petroleum and
natural gas assets, no significant modifications were deemed critical in
order to allow for reporting of both Canadian GAAP and IFRS statements
in 2010.

For Further Information:

Additional information relating to the Company may be found on www.sedar.com, by visiting its website at www.pinecliffenergy.com.

The following consolidated financial statements and notes to the consolidated financial statements have been provided for further details.

 



Consolidated Balance Sheets

As at December 31

($) 2010 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assets
Current
Cash 108,039 1,333,553
Accounts receivable 155,945 129,900
Prepaid expenses 26,402 16,345
Note receivable (Note 4) 328,227 -
Discontinued operations (Note 4) - 39,094
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
618,613 1,518,892
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Property and Equipment (Note 6)
Property and equipment 4,561,550 3,374,830
Accumulated depletion and depreciation (2,253,650) (1,417,845)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Net Property and Equipment 2,307,900 1,956,985
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
2,926,513 3,475,877
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Liabilities
Current
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(Note 5) 308,808 835,010
Discontinued operations (Note 4) - 192,818
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
308,808 1,027,828

Asset Retirement Obligations (Note 8) 63,557 48,298
Discontinued operations (Note 4) - 35,836
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
372,365 1,111,962
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Non-Controlling Interests (Note 11) - -
Shareholders' Equity (Note 9)
Share capital 14,819,372 14,593,560
Contributed surplus 766,244 859,620
Deficit (13,031,468) (13,089,265)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Shareholders' Equity 2,554,148 2,363,915
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
2,926,513 3,475,877
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

See the accompanying notes to the consolidated financial statements


Consolidated Statements of Net Earnings (Loss), Comprehensive Income (Loss)
and Deficit

For the years ended December 31

($) 2010 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Revenue
Oil and gas sales 1,362,570 518,401
Royalties (91,776) (12,691)
Interest income - 4,293
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1,270,794 510,003
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Expenses
Production costs 355,140 150,691
General and administrative (Note 5) 278,077 319,096
Stock-based compensation (Note 9) 4,936 138,490
Depletion, depreciation and accretion 878,188 353,862
Loss on disposal of property and equipment
(Note 6) 6,456 -
Impairment of note receivable (Note 4) 120,773 -
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1,643,570 962,139
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Loss Before Taxes (372,776) (452,136)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Taxes (Note 7)
Current - -
Future - -
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
- -
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Net Loss From Continuing Operations
(372,776) (452,136)
Net Earnings (Loss) From Discontinued Operations
(Note 4) 430,573 (2,370,140)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Net Earnings (Loss) and Comprehensive Income
(Loss) 57,797 (2,822,276)
Deficit, Beginning of Year (13,089,265) (10,266,989)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Deficit, End of Year (13,031,468) (13,089,265)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Net Loss Per Share From Continuing Operations -
Basic and Diluted (Note 9) (0.01) (0.01)
Net Earnings (Loss) Per Share From Discontinued
Operations - Basic and Diluted (Note 9) 0.01 (0.05)
Net Earnings (Loss) and Comprehensive Income
(Loss) Per Share - Basic and Diluted (Note 9) 0.00 (0.06)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------


Consolidated Statements of Cash Flow

For the years ended December 31

($) 2010 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Operating Activities
Net loss from continuing operations (372,776) (452,136)
Items not affecting cash
Stock-based compensation 4,936 138,490
Depletion, depreciation and accretion 878,188 353,862
Loss on disposal of property and equipment 6,456 -
Impairment of note receivable 120,773 -
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
637,577 40,216
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Change in non-cash working capital
Accounts receivable (74,492) 32,825
Prepaid expenditures (10,057) 10,585
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities 59,816 10,717
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
(24,733) 54,127
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cash provided by continuing operations 612,844 94,343
Cash used in discontinued operations (394,105) (707,741)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cash Provided (Used in) Operating Activities 218,739 (613,398)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Financing Activities
Share option proceeds 127,500 3,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cash Provided by Financing Activities 127,500 3,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Investing Activities
Property and equipment expenditures (1,220,300) (871,128)
Change in non-cash working capital
Accounts receivable 48,447 (60,000)
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (586,018) 461,409
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cash used in continuing operations (1,757,871) (469,719)
Cash provided by (used in) discontinued
operations 186,118 (70,929)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cash used in Investing Activities (1,571,753) (540,648)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Net Cash Outflow (1,225,514) (1,151,046)
Cash, Beginning of Year 1,333,553 2,484,599
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cash, End of Year 108,039 1,333,553
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cash interest paid - -
Cash taxes paid by discontinued operations 55,169 57,962
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Years Ended December 31, 2010 and 2009

1. NATURE OF BUSINESS

Pine Cliff Energy Ltd. ("Pine Cliff" or the "Company") is a public company listed on the TSX Venture Exchange and incorporated under the Business Corporations Act (Alberta). Pine Cliff's continuing operations is in one industry related to the development and production of oil and natural gas in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin.

2. SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Basis of Presentation

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared by management in accordance with Canadian generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) as described below.

Consolidated entities

These consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Pine Cliff Energy Ltd. ("Pine Cliff" or the "Company") and its wholly owned subsidiaries CanAmericas Energy Ltd. (CanAmericas) (see note 11) and CanAmericas (Argentina) Energy Ltd. (CanAmericas Argentina) (which was sold in 2010 and presented as discontinued operations, see Note 4). Inter-company transactions and balances are eliminated upon consolidation.

Measurement Uncertainty

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent liabilities as at the date of the balance sheets as well as the reported amounts of revenues, expenses, and cash flows during the periods presented. Such estimates relate primarily to unsettled transactions and events as of the date of the financial statements. Actual results could differ materially from estimated amounts.

Amounts recorded for depletion, depreciation and accretion costs and amounts used for impairment test calculations are based on estimates of crude oil and natural gas reserves and future costs required to develop those reserves. Stock-based compensation is based upon expected volatility and option life estimates. Asset retirement obligations are based on estimates of abandonment costs, timing of abandonment, inflation and interest rates. The provision for income taxes is based on judgements in applying income tax law and estimates on the timing, likelihood and reversal of temporary differences between the accounting and tax basis of assets and liabilities. These estimates are subject to measurement uncertainty and changes in these estimates could materially impact the financial statements of future periods.

Revenue Recognition

Revenues associated with sales of petroleum and natural gas are recorded when title passes to the customer.

Joint Interest Operations

Substantially all of the Company's oil and gas operations are conducted jointly with other parties and accordingly the financial statements reflect only the Company's proportionate interest in such activities.

Petroleum and Natural Gas Properties and Related Equipment

The Company follows the successful efforts method of accounting for petroleum and natural gas properties and related equipment. Costs of exploratory wells are initially capitalized pending determination of proved reserves. Costs of wells which are assigned proved reserves remain capitalized, while costs of unsuccessful wells are charged to earnings. All other exploration costs including geological and geophysical costs are charged to earnings as incurred. Development costs, including the cost of all wells, are capitalized.

Producing properties are assessed annually or more frequently as economic events dictate, for potential impairment. Impairment is assessed by comparing the estimated net undiscounted future cash flows to the carrying value of the asset. If required, the impairment recorded is the amount by which the carrying value of the asset exceeds its fair value.

Costs related to undeveloped properties are excluded from the depletion base until it is determined whether or not proved reserves exist or if impairment of such costs has occurred. These properties are assessed at least annually to determine whether impairment has occurred.

Depreciation and depletion of capitalized costs of oil and gas producing properties are calculated using the unit of production method. Development and exploration drilling and equipment costs are depleted over the remaining total proved reserves. Depreciation of other plant and equipment is provided on the straight line method. Straight line depreciation is based on the estimated service lives of the related assets which is estimated to be ten years.

Furniture, Equipment and Other

These assets are recorded at cost and are depreciated on a straight line basis over five to ten years.

Income Taxes

The Company accounts for income taxes using the liability method. Under this method, the Company records a future income tax asset or liability to reflect any difference between the accounting and tax bases of assets and liabilities, using substantively enacted income tax rates. The effect on future tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in net earnings in the period in which the change occurs. Future income tax assets are only recognized to the extent it is more likely than not that sufficient future taxable income will be available to allow the future income tax asset to be realized.

Asset Retirement Obligations

The Company recognizes an asset retirement obligation (ARO) in the period in which it is incurred when a reasonable estimate of the fair value can be made. On a periodic basis, management will review these estimates and changes, if any, will be applied prospectively. The fair value of the estimated ARO is recorded as a long-term liability, with a corresponding increase in the carrying amount of the related asset. The capitalized amount is depleted on a unit of production basis over the life of the reserves. The liability amount is increased each reporting period due to the passage of time and this amount is charged to earnings in the period. Revisions to the estimated timing of cash flows or to the original estimated undiscounted cost would also result in an increase or decrease to the ARO. Actual costs incurred upon settlement of the obligations are charged against the ARO to the extent of the liability recorded and the remaining balance of the actual costs is recorded in the statement of loss as a credit or charge.

Stock-based Compensation

The Company accounts for stock-based compensation using the fair-value method of accounting for stock options granted to directors, officers, employees and other service providers using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. Stock-based compensation expense is recorded over the vesting period with a corresponding amount reflected in contributed surplus. Stock-based compensation expense is calculated as the estimated fair value of the options at the time of grant, amortized over their vesting period. When stock options are exercised, the associated amounts previously recorded as contributed surplus are reclassified to common share capital. The Company has not incorporated an estimated forfeiture rate for stock options that will not vest, rather, the Company accounts for actual forfeitures as they occur.

Financial Instruments

Financial instruments are measured at fair value on initial recognition of the instrument, into one of the following five categories: held-for trading, loans and receivables, held-to-maturity investments, available-for-sale financial assets or other financial liabilities.

Subsequent measurement of financial instruments is based on their initial classification. Held-for-trading financial assets are measured at fair value and changes in fair value are recognized in net earnings. Available-for-sale financial instruments are measured at fair value with changes in fair value recorded in other comprehensive income until the instrument is derecognized or impaired. The remaining categories of financial instruments are recognized at amortized cost using the effective interest rate method.

Cash is classified as held-for-trading and measured at fair value which equals the carrying value and any gains or losses are recognized in earnings in the period they occur. Accounts receivable and note receivable are classified as loans and receivables which are measured at amortized cost. Accounts payable and accrued liabilities are classified as other financial liabilities, which are measured at amortized cost.

Foreign Currency Translation

The Company translates foreign currency denominated monetary assets and liabilities of its integrated foreign subsidiaries at the exchange rate in effect at the balance sheet date and non-monetary assets and liabilities are translated at historical exchange rates. Revenues and expenses are translated at estimated transaction date exchange rates except depletion and depreciation expense, which is translated at the same historical exchange rates as the related assets. Exchange gains or losses are included in the determination of net income as foreign exchange gain or loss.

Basic and Diluted per Share Calculations

Basic earnings per share are computed by dividing earnings by the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the year. Diluted per share amounts reflect the potential dilution that could occur if options to purchase shares were exercised. The treasury stock method is used to determine the dilutive effect of common share options, whereby proceeds from the exercise of common share options or other dilutive instruments are assumed to be used to purchase common shares at the average market price during the period.

3. RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS

The Canadian Accounting Standards Board has confirmed that International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) will replace Canadian GAAP effective January 1, 2011, including comparatives for 2010, for Canadian publicly accountable enterprises.

4. DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

On September 24, 2010, Pine Cliff sold its South American subsidiary CanAmericas (Argentina) Energy Ltd. to an unrelated party. This disposition will allow the Company to focus on its continuing operations related to the development of its Canadian oil and natural gas operations.

The assets and liabilities of the South American operations have been presented as discontinued operations in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. Operating results related to these assets and liabilities have been included in net earnings (loss) from discontinued operations in the Consolidated Statements of Net Earnings (Loss), Comprehensive Income (Loss) and Deficit for 2010 and on a comparative basis.



Balance Sheets
As at As at
December 31, December 31,
($) 2010 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Assets
Current
Cash - 39,090
Accounts receivable - 4
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total assets - 39,094
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Liabilities
Current
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities - 192,818

Asset Retirement Obligations - 35,836
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total liabilities - 228,654
----------------------------------------------------------------------------


Statements of Net Earnings (Loss)
For the Years Ended December 31,
($) 2010 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Revenue
Gain on disposal 807,028 -
Interest and other income - 1,804
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
807,028 1,804
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Expenses
General and administrative 251,400 668,579
Foreign exchange (gain) loss (4,410) 86,131
Depletion, depreciation and accretion 1,344 2,792
Impairment of oil and gas assets 80,782 1,463,712
Dry hole costs - 31,071
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
329,116 2,252,285
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Net Earnings (Loss) From Discontinued Operations
Before Taxes 477,912 (2,250,481)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Taxes
Current 47,339 119,659
Future - -
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
47,339 119,659
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Net Earnings (Loss) From Discontinued Operations 430,573 (2,370,140)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Impairment, dry hole costs and gain on disposal

On September 24, 2010, the Company disposed of its South American subsidiary, whose assets and liabilities related primarily to the Canadon Ramirez Concession and Laguna de Piedra Concession (South American Properties). The proceeds of disposition were $450,000 consisting of $1,000 of cash, a note receivable for $449,000 and a contingent receivable not used to calculate gain on disposal of oil and gas assets and liabilities (see below). The note receivable is due 120 days from the disposal date and bears no interest. Subsequent to year end, the purchaser settled the note by issuing shares in the purchaser's corporation. These shares were valued at $328,227 at year end. The Company has recorded an impairment provision of $120,773 on the note receivable. At the time of disposition, the Company had a net book value of $23,121 for the South American properties after prior period write-downs of $7,746,705. It also had an asset retirement obligation of $37,180 and a working capital deficiency of $342,969 that was transferred to the purchaser related to the South American property resulting in a gain on sale of $807,028.

For the year ended December 31, 2010, an impairment provision of $34,626 (2009 - $31,071 as dry hole costs) was taken on the exploration costs related to the Canadon Ramirez Concession and an impairment provision of $46,156 (2009 - $1,463,712) was taken on the Laguna de Piedra Concession, prior to the disposal of the South American properties.

Contingent Receivable

Upon disposal of the South American subsidiary, the Company received a contingent consideration of $200,000 (payable in cash or shares in the purchaser corporation) if within two years after the closing date the purchaser or an affiliate to the purchaser is successful in obtaining a drilling permit followed by the drilling of a well on the Laguna de Piedra concession block in the Rio Negro Province of Argentina or the local permitting authority in the province grants a concession to substitute for the Laguna de Piedra concession and the purchaser or affiliate entity drills a well on the substitute concession. Collection of this receivable is not determinable at this time and therefore has not been recorded by the Company.

Taxes

The Company accrued $47,339 (2009 - $119,659) current tax expense related to Argentina capital tax. A one percent Argentina capital tax is payable in respect of the exploration costs for the Canadon Ramirez and the Laguna de Piedra Concessions. This liability was transferred to the purchaser on the disposal of its South American subsidiary.

5. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

Pine Cliff has a management agreement with Bonterra Energy Corp. (Bonterra), an oil and gas corporation publicly traded on the Toronto Stock Exchange, with common directors and management, to provide executive services, technical services, accounting services, oil and gas administration and office administration for Pine Cliff. Total fees for the year were $90,000 (2009 - $120,000) plus minimal administrative costs. The management services agreement may be cancelled by the Company with 90 days notice.

As of December 31, 2010 Pine Cliff owed Bonterra $464 (2009 - $448).

These transactions are in the normal course of operations and are measured at the exchange amount, which is the amount of consideration established and agreed to by the related parties.



6. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

($) 2010 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Accumulated Accumulated
Depletion and Depletion and
Cost Depreciation Cost Depreciation
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Petroleum and natural gas
properties and related
equipment 4,561,550 2,253,650 3,328,873 1,384,807
Furniture, equipment and
other - - 45,957 33,038
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
4,561,550 2,253,650 3,374,830 1,417,845
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

In 2010, the Company disposed of its furniture, equipment and other for $Nil proceeds. At the time of disposition the assets had a book value of $6,456.

7. TAXES

The Company has recorded a full valuation allowance for its future income tax assets as it has been determined that their recoverability is not likely.



2010 2009
($) Amount Amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Future income tax assets:
Note receivable 15,097 -
Capital assets 109,398 100,367
Asset retirement obligation 15,889 12,075
Share issue costs 3,916 8,231
Loss carry-forward 805,272 734,487
Capital loss carry-forward 88,530 -
Valuation allowance (1,038,102) (855,160)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
- -
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Income tax expense differs from the amounts that would be computed by applying Canadian federal and provincial income tax rates as follows:



($) 2010 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Loss before income taxes (372,776) (452,136)
Combined federal and provincial income tax rates 28.0% 29.0%
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Income tax provision calculated using statutory
tax rates (104,377) (131,119)
Increase (decrease) in income taxes resulting from:
Stock-based compensation 1,382 40,162
Non-taxable portion of losses 16,908 -
Amounts allocated to discontinued operations (129,667) (26,696)
Change in valuation allowance 182,942 101,425
Change in tax rates 34,206 15,074
Other (1,394) 1,154
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Income tax provision - -
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Company has the following tax pools, which may be used to reduce taxable income in future years, limited to the applicable rates of utilization:



Rate of
Utilization Amount
(%) ($)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Undepreciated capital costs 25 321,399
Canadian oil and gas property expenditures 10 477,885
Canadian development expenditures 30 1,554,100
Canadian exploration expenditures 100 392,110
Share issue costs 20 15,663
Non-capital loss carryforward (1) 100 3,221,089
Capital loss carryforward 100 354,119
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
6,336,365
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

(1) $700,214 expires 2026, $1,114,518 expires 2027, $675,721 expires 2028,
$447,500 expires in 2029 and $283,136 expires in 2030

8. ASSET RETIREMENT OBLIGATIONS

At December 31, 2010, the estimated total undiscounted amount required to settle the asset retirement obligations was $95,032 (December 31, 2009 - $98,932). Costs for asset retirement have been calculated assuming a one and a half percent inflation rate. These obligations will be settled based on the useful lives of the underlying assets, which extend up to 13 years into the future. This amount has been discounted using a credit-adjusted risk-free interest rate of five percent.



Changes to asset retirement obligations were as follows:

($) 2010 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Asset retirement obligations, January 1 48,298 46,808
Change in estimate 12,919 10,978
Accretion 2,340 2,882
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Asset retirement obligations, December 31 63,557 48,298
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

9. SHARE CAPITAL

Authorized

Unlimited number of Common Shares without nominal or par value.

Unlimited number of Class B Preferred Shares without nominal or par value which may be issued in one or more series.



2010 2009
Amount Amount
Issued Number ($) Number ($)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Common Shares
Balance, beginning of year 45,295,695 14,593,560 45,275,695 14,588,722
Issued on exercise of stock
options 850,000 127,500 20,000 3,000
Transfer of contributed surplus
to share capital 98,312 1,838
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Balance, end of year 46,145,695 14,819,372 45,295,695 14,593,560
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

The number of weighted average basic and diluted shares outstanding for the years ended December 31:



2010 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Basic shares outstanding(1) 46,095,805 45,276,627
Dilutive share options 22,005 245,014
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Diluted shares outstanding 46,117,810 45,521,641
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

(1) Basic shares outstanding is used to calculate basic and diluted loss
per share when the Company is in a loss position

A summary of the changes to the Company's contributed surplus is presented as follows:



Contributed surplus

($) 2010 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Balance, beginning of year 859,620 722,968
Stock-based compensation expensed (non-cash) 4,936 138,490
Stock-based options exercised (non-cash) (98,312) (1,838)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Balance, end of year 766,244 859,620
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Company may grant options of up to 4,527,569 (2009 - 4,527,569) common shares. The exercise price of each option granted equals the market price of the common share on the date of grant and the options' maximum term is five years.

A summary of the status of the Company's stock option plan as of December 31, 2010 and December 31, 2009, and changes during the years ended on those dates are presented as follows:



December 31, 2010 December 31, 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Weighted- Weighted-
Average Average
Exercise Exercise
Options Price Options Price
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Outstanding at beginning of year 3,126,000 $0.63 3,118,000 $0.63
Options granted - - 40,000 0.15
Options exercised (850,000) 0.15 (20,000) 0.15
Options cancelled (2,236,000) 0.79 (12,000) 1.15
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Outstanding at end of year 40,000 $0.15 3,126,000 $0.63
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Options exercisable at end of year 20,000 $0.15 3,028,500 $0.62
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding at December 31, 2010:



Options Outstanding Options Exercisable
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Weighted- Weighted- Weighted-
Range of Number Average Average Number Average
Exercise Outstanding at Remaining Exercise Exercisable Exercise
Prices 12/31/10 Contractual Life Price at 12/31/10 Price
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
$0.15 40,000 1.1 years $0.15 20,000 $0.15
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

The Company records compensation expense over the vesting period based on the fair value of options granted to employees, directors and consultants. Of the unvested options as of December 31, 2010, 20,000 vest in 2011.

The Company did not issue any stock options in 2010. In 2009 the Company issued 40,000 stock options with an estimated fair value of $3,350 ($0.08 per option) using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following key assumptions:



December 31, December 31,
2010 2009
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Weighted-average risk free interest rate (%) - 1.24
Dividend yield (%) - -
Expected life (years) - 2.5
Weighted-average volatility (%) - 96.0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

10. FINANCIAL AND CAPITAL RISK MANAGEMENT

Financial Risk Factors

The Company undertakes transactions in a range of financial instruments including:

- Cash deposits;

- Receivables;

- Note receivable;

- Payables.

The Company's activities result in exposure to a number of financial risks including market risk (commodity price risk, interest rate risk and foreign exchange risk) credit risk and liquidity risk. Financial risk management is carried out by senior management under the direction of the Board of Directors.

The Company does not enter into risk management contracts. The Company sells its oil and natural gas commodities at market prices at the date of sale in accordance with the Board directive.

Capital Risk Management

The Company's objectives when managing capital, which the Company defines to include shareholders' equity and working capital balances, are to safeguard the Company's ability to continue as a going concern, to continue providing returns to its shareholders and benefits for other stakeholders, and to maintain an optimal capital structure to reduce the cost of capital. In order to maintain or adjust the capital structure, the Company may issue debt or new shares.

The following section (a) of this note provides a summary of the Company's underlying economic positions as represented by the carrying values, fair values and contractual face values of its financial assets and financial liabilities. The Company's working capital to capital expenditure requirement ratio is also provided.

The following section (b) addresses in more detail the key financial risk factors that arise from the Company's activities including its policies for managing these risks.

a) Financial assets, financial liabilities

The carrying amounts, fair value and face values of the Company's financial assets and liabilities are shown in the following table.




Continuing Operations

As at December 31, 2010 As at December 31, 2009
Carrying Fair Face Carrying Fair Face
($ 000s) Value Value Value Value Value Value
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Financial assets
Cash 108 108 108 1,334 1,334 1,334
Accounts receivable 156 156 156 130 130 199
Note receivable 328 328 449 - - -
Financial liabilities
Accounts payable and
accrued liabilities 309 309 309 835 835 835
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Financial instruments, consisting of accounts receivable, note receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities carried in the consolidated balance sheet, are carried at amortized cost. Cash is carried at fair value. All of the fair value items are transacted in active markets. Pine Cliff classifies the fair value of these transactions according to the following hierarchy based on the amount of observable inputs used to value the instrument.

Level 1 - Quoted prices are available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the reporting date. Active markets are those in which transactions occur in sufficient frequency and volume to provide pricing information on an ongoing basis.

Level 2 - Pricing inputs are other than quoted prices in active markets included in Level 1. Prices in Level 2 are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date. Level 2 valuations are based on inputs, including quoted forward prices for commodities, time value and volatility factors, which can be substantially observed or corroborated in the marketplace.

Level 3 - Valuations in this level are those with inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data.

Pine Cliff's cash has been assessed on the fair value hierarchy described above and is considered Level 1.

b) Risks and mitigations

Market risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flow of the Company's financial instruments will fluctuate because of changes in market prices. Components of market risk to which Pine Cliff is exposed are discussed below.

Commodity price risk

The Company's principal operation is the exploration and development of oil and natural gas properties in Canada. The Company has disposed of its South American exploration properties. Fluctuations in prices of these commodities may directly impact the Company's performance and ability to continue its operations.

The Company's management currently does not use risk management contracts to set price parameters for its production.

Interest rate risk

Interest rate risk refers to the risk that the value of a financial instrument or cash flow associated with the instrument will fluctuate due to changes in market interest rates. Interest rate risk arises from interest bearing financial assets and liabilities that Pine Cliff uses. The principal exposure to the Company is on its cash balances which have a variable interest rate which gives rise to a cash flow interest rate risk.

Pine Cliff's cash consists of Canadian dollar investment chequing accounts on which it earns an insignificant amount of interest. Since these funds need to be accessible for the development of the Company's capital projects, management does not reduce its exposure to interest rate risk through entering into term contracts of various lengths.

Foreign exchange risk

The Company has disposed of its foreign operations. The Company's domestic or continuing operations currently sells all of its Canadian production in Canadian currency. The Company has a Canadian dollar denominated cash balance and as such, Pine Cliff does not have exchange rate risk.

Credit risk

Credit risk is the risk that a contracting party will not complete its obligations under a financial instrument and cause the Company to incur a financial loss. Pine Cliff is exposed to credit risk on all financial assets included on the balance sheet. To help mitigate this risk, the Company maintains the majority of its cash balances with a major Canadian chartered bank.

Substantially all of the continuing operations' accounts receivable balance at December 31, 2010 ($155,945) and December 31, 2009 ($129,900) relates to product sales with Canadian oil and gas companies and crown royalty credits with the province of Alberta, all of which have generally paid within 30 to 60 days.

Pine Cliff assesses its financial assets quarterly to determine if there has been any impairment. An impairment provision was required on the note receivable and no impairment provision was required on the rest of the Company's financial assets. Pine Cliff does not have any significant credit risk exposure to any single counterparty or any group of counterparties having similar characteristics.

The maximum exposure to credit risk is represented by the carrying amount on the balance sheet. There are no material financial assets that Pine Cliff considers past due.

Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk includes the risk that, as a result of Pine Cliff's operational liquidity requirements:

- The Company will not have sufficient funds to settle a transaction on the due date,

- The Company will not have sufficient funds to continue with its financing of its major development projects,

- The Company will be forced to sell assets at a value which is less than what they are worth, or

- The Company may be unable to settle or recover a financial asset at all.

To help reduce these liquidity risks, the Company:

- May arrange short-term financing at a reasonable interest rate with its CEO and director.

- Has disposed of its South American Operations.

11. NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS

The Company has incorporated a subsidiary company, CanAmericas Energy Ltd. (CanAmericas) to explore and develop oil and gas properties primarily in South America. CanAmericas was owned 93 percent by the Company and seven percent by a foreign private corporation (Foreign Corp.). On November 23, 2010, Foreign Corp. sold its interest in CanAmericas to Pine Cliff for $10. On January 1, 2011, CanAmericas was amalgamated with Pine Cliff.

The TSX Venture Exchange does not accept responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release.



FOR FURTHER INFORMATION PLEASE CONTACT:

Pine Cliff Energy Ltd.
George F. Fink
President and CEO
(403) 269-2289
(403) 265-7488 (FAX)

or

Pine Cliff Energy Ltd.
Randy M. Jarock
COO
(403) 269-2289
(403) 265-7488 (FAX)

or

Pine Cliff Energy Ltd.
Kirsten Kulyk
Manager, Investor Relations
(403) 269-2289
(403) 265-7488 (FAX)
info@pinecliffenergy.com
www.pinecliffenergy.com